The Origins of Judaism

Judaism evolved from what was known as the religion of the Hebrews, or later known as Jews. The first five books of the Hebrew Bible is called the Torah, and is where most of the information about the early beginnings of Judaism come from.

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God of Abraham

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Abraham's name means “glorious father”. Abraham is said to be as a founding father in the Jewish, Christian and Islamic religions. Genesis states that the nation of Israel is descended from him through his second son, Isaac. Many Arab nations are said to have descended from him through his first son, Ishmael, and Muslims believe that the prophet Muhammad is his direct descendent. In the New Testament Abraham is mentioned as a man of faith and the apostle Paul uses him as an example of salvation by faith, as the ancestor of the Christ or Messiah. Authors of the New Testament report that Jesus mentioned Abraham to support belief in the reappearance of the dead. Abraham is very important in Islam, both in his own right as a prophet as well as being the father of Ishmael and Isaac. Ishmael, his firstborn son, is considered the Father of the Arabised Arabs, and Isaac is considered the Father of the Hebrews.

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Moses

Moses first appearance is in the Book of Exodus, Moses was born in a time when war and the large increase in population were concerning. The Egyptian Pharaohs were worried that they might provide help for Egypt's rivals.Moses fled across the Red Sea to Midian with many followers and supporters where he tended flocks. After the Ten Plagues which were: Curses, blood rains, rains of frogs and gnats, then came the wild animals, pests,unhealable diseases, locusts and last but not least darkness were unleashed on Egypt, Moses led the Hebrew people out of Egypt, across the Red Sea, where they stayed at Horeb and went to the borders of Edom. In Edom, according to the Bible, Moses received the Ten Commandments sent by God.Moses lived 120 years, according to the book of Exodus, Moses died before arrving at the Land of Israel.

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Saul and David´s Kingdom

Saul was the first king of the united Kingdom of Israel according to the Hebrew bible. He was dedicated by the prophet Samuel reigned from Gibeah. He suicided during a battle with the Philistines at Mount Gilboa, which several of his sons were also killed. His son was the sucessor of the throne Ish-bosheth and the famous David, who eventually got control.

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The Exodus

The Exodus is when the Hebrews fled Egypt most likely between 1300 and 1200 B.C. Jews remember this event every year during the festival of Passover. The man who lead them out of slavery is Moses. The night before leaving, the finale plague against the Egyptians by God is the killing of every first-born. To save the Hebrews, he told them to mark their doors with blood so that the avenging Angel would see it and know to pass over that house. When the group arrived at Mount Sinai, God presented himself in the form of a could, he offered them a covenant and if they accept, in return, he would be their God. At the end of 40 years, the Israelites began to settle in Canaan.

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Solomon builds the kingdom

About 962 B.C Solomon succeded his father david and became one of the most powerful Hebrew kings. He built trading empire along with his friend Hiram who was the king of the phoenician city of Tyre. Solomon reconstructed and beautified his capital city of jerusalem. The main achievement of this recosntruction program was the great temple of Jerusalem, which he built to glorify god.

The temple was not very large but it had gold in the inside and stone in the outside with inner walls made of cedar covered in gold. The main hall was richly decorated with brass and gold, solomon also built a royal palace even more expensive than the temple.

( About the year 962 B.C., David was succeeded by his son Solomon. Solomon was the most powerful of the Hebrew kings. He built a trading empire, beautified the capital city of Jerusalem, built a great temple to glorify God, and also a magnificently costly royal palace. Although it was not a large temple it was also a permanent home for the Ark of the Covenant, which contained tablets of Moses’ law. While in the outside the temple was made of stone, its inner walls were made of cedar covered in gold, the main hall was richly decorated with brass and gold and bronze pillars stood at the temple’s entrance. )

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