The French Revolution Begins

Describe the factors that led to the French Revolution.

There are several factors that led to the French Revolution which were the old regime, Enlightenment ideas, economic troubles, and weak leadership. In the old regime They divided the in three estate (first, second, and third estate) where the nobles and the clergy were being privilege by including access to high offices and exemptions from paying taxes while the other 97 percent of the population in the third estate which lacked in privilege by paying taxes to the nobles and had no power to influence government causing to have a resentment to the wealthy first and second estates. The Enlightenment ideas started to spread around the third estate which started to inspire them to begin demanding equal rights, liberty, and democracy.

France experienced economic problem such as high taxes made it impossible to have a successful business, the cost of living increased greatly, and the bad weather created food shortage in France. The new king of France, Louis XVI, was indecisive and allowed matters to drift. He didn't paid any attention to his government advisers, and had little patience for detailing of governing. Rather than cutting expenses, Louis put off dealing with emergencies until he was practically had no money left. His solution was to impose taxes on the nobility which led them to start a meeting of the Estates General where the revolution started.

Kendrick Abreu Grullon 10-A

There were many factors that led to the French Revolution. One of the most important factors that led to the French revolution was the Ancien Regime. The Ancien Regime divided the people in France into three large social classes, or estates. The first estate was composed of the clergy and it made up 1 percent of the population. After, you found the second estate which was composed of rich nobles which made up about 2 percent of the population. Last you found the third estate with the other 97 percent of the population and it included the merchants and normal people. The problems that this Regime brought was that it gave privileges, such as a better education, and the exoneration of taxes to the first and second estates. Another factor was the enlightenment ideas, which brought a new sense of life and order to people. The enlightenment ideas made people demand equal rights, liberty, and democracy.

A factor that led to the French revolution was the economic instability of France. The taxes were too high on the third estate and they couldn’t have a productive business. In addition to this, the bad weather in the 1780s caused widespread crop failures, which resulted in a severe shortage of grains. The prices of bread doubled and many people faced starvation. The last Factor that influenced the French Revolution was that Louis XVI was a weak leader and he allowed matters to drift. He paid little attention to his government advisers, and had little patience for the details of governing. Louis took control of the emergency when he saw himself with no money at all, and his solution was to impose taxes on the nobility, which made the nobility revolt.
Luis Rafael Acta 10A

The French Revolution started because of the division of the three estates. The first and second estates was composed of well-educated and rich nobles, mostly people from the church. The third estate was composed of the 97 percent of the people and it was made of merchants, bankers, factory owners, and skilled artisans. These people from the Third estate strongly believed in the Enlightenment ideas, so this was one of the factors that inspired them to start the French Revolution. New ideas of the Enlightenment about new methods of economic and political system affected the way people think and they wanted a change. Also, at this very moment, France was at constant serious economic problems and weak and indecisive leadership.

All these factors encouraged this middle class people start their new ways of change and improvement called the French Revolution.The third estate formed the National Assembly so that the three estates would join and each delegate would vote. The third estate did a pledge named Tennis Court Oath which was that they would stay there until the new constitution of new laws would be added to the new constitution.

Saluna Chow 10a

The French Revolution´s main factor was the Ancien Regime or Old Regime. It was the social and political system of France and was divided in three large estates or social classes. The first two estates, which made up 3% of the French population, had privileges. The first estate was 1% of the population and was made up of clergy of Roman Catholic Church. The second estate was 2% of the population and was made up of rich nobles. The last estate was composed by bourgeoisie, urban lower class, and peasant farmers and was the 97% of the population. While the first estate scorned enlightenment ideas, the third estate embraced them, this was one of the factors why the French Revolution started. Also, France had economic instability and indecisive leadership.

All of these factors were the ones who led the third estate to reveal and express themselves through the French Revolution. The third estate formed the National Assembly in order to pass laws and reforms between the three estate and each delegate would vote. The delegates of the third estate revolved and did a pledged called Tennis Court Oath that sayed that they would stay until a new constitution was drawn.

Gabriela Elias :D


In the 1770s, during Louis XVI’s rule, in France several factors began rising, these would ultimately lead to the French revolution that ended with monarchic power in France. One of these factors was the rising discontent of the Third estate (to which 97 percent of the population belonged). The members of this estate, specially the bourgeoisie, resented the old regime because it provided the members of the first and second estates with several privileges (such as holding office and exemption of taxes) that they did not have access to. The members of the third state also resented the rise in taxes imposed by the king, the extravagant spending of the royal family, the king’s inability to rule efficiently, and the increase in the prices of bread due to several crop failures. This resentment added to the enlightenment ideals of liberty and equality that several members of the bourgeoisie supported.

The Third State would not suffer this for long. In 1789 when the First and Second Estates called for a reunion of the Estates General to discuss a tax that had been imposed to them, the Members of the Third Estate joined to form the National Assembly. They were determined to show that their power was beyond that of the other Estates. With the formation of this assembly they claimed the beginning of a representative government in France. But it would take more efforts, including those of the people who attacked the Bastille and the Women’s riot, in order to bring the monarchy out of France.
Claudia Franjul


some of the factors that led to the french revolution were that the third estate of the old regime began revolting, helped by the enlightenment ideas. Also, thanks to the spending and weakness of Louis XVI, and his queen, the government's debt got bigger. All this and high taxes for the third estate helped start the revolution. basically, bad administration from Louis and taxes abuses caused the third estate to begin the french revolution.

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During the 1700’s, France was considered the most advanced country of Europe. During this period the Old Regime still remained in place which caused the estates. Due to the causes that the Three Estates created, the French Revolution begins. This is mainly because conflicts with the Three Estates began due to the fact that the Third Estate delegates were eager to make changes in the government. They then became known as the National Assembly and they started using the Enlightenment ideas because of the poor weak leadership there was and the economic troubles.

Other factors that led to the French Revolution was that Louis XVI weak leadership had caused him to spent too much money . The ideas and writings of Enlightenment thinkers like Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Rousseau became widespread which also led to the Revolution. The fact that Louis was having poor advice from his ill-informed members of his court, his wife Marie Antoinette was unpopular with the French. This was mainly because of her spending and her involvement in controversial court affair, which meant they gave him more problems that he had already had.

Natasha Chami

The french revolution was caused by many reasons, but in my opinion, the main reason why the revolution begin was poverty. Because french still had the old system known as the old regime, there were only two social classes at the time. This were the privileded estates, whe did not pay any taxes and had control over about 10 percent of the land. After this were the people of third state, which was about the 97 percent of the people. The third state did had to pay taxes, which for me was unacceptable because the people that had money and could pay taxes did not have to pay taxes, but the people that did not have a lot of money had to pay high taxes. This was one of the causes that led to the french revolution. There was widespread opposition against royal absolutism. People wanted liberty and republicanism, because they believed and were influenced by the enlightment ideas. After this, what i think that more had an influence over the people was the scarcity of food. There was unnemplyment in france, plus the price of food was high which made it worst for the poor people. So as a result of this, the people were angry already, and louis was not backing them at all, so as a result of this, people started to revolt in france.

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The main reason the french revolution happen was the discontent of the Third estate because the First and Second estates in the Old Regime had privileges so there was injustices in social and economic aspects. the enlightenment ideas of liberty and equality got people thinking about revolution and those things, plus american revolution got people more intereted about the subject. also weak leadership from Louis XVI, who allowed matters to drift.

Tiffani Chalas

Though from outside the box France looked very prosperous and as if it was a happy, advanced country, France was having many issues. Harvesting wasn't how it used to be and therefore prices for food sky rocketed and became unaffordable to many. Taxes also became very pricey as well. Locke, Voltaire, and Rousseau left France in hesitation because of the new ideas that had been introduced to the people and government powers had a problem controlling that. The Old Regime was being used as the social system at this time. There were three estates the first estate consisted of the clergy of the Roman Catholic church. This estate was highly against the enlightenment ideas previously introduced by Voltaire, Locke, and Rousseau. The second estate consisted of rich nobles that always held highest rank in office. They disagreed with the enlightenment ideas but weren't so against it as the first estate. The third estate consisted of peasant farmers, the urban lower class, and the bourgeoisie. As always, the poor had no say in the decisions of the government and felt bitterness on those of the first and second estate. The third estate began to question their positions and started to demand equality, democracy, and liberty. After all this the Great Fear happened when rumors that the noble men were going to torture the people of the third estate. Peasants began burning houses and documentation that proved that nobles owned the land they were on. When fear struck Louis XVI and Maria Antoinette, they left Versailles and never returned. Because of this reform took its place.
- Tiffani Chalas

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