The Cold War Divides the World

Describe how the Cold War affected nations

After the WWII, the world's nations were grouped politically into three "worlds" the first world was the industrialized capitalist nations that included the United States, the second world was the communist nations led by the Soviet Union, and the third world was consisted of developing nations who were not apart of any of the superrpowers. these third world nations were located in Africa, Latin America, and Asia, they were economically poor and politically unstable bue to the previous colonialization from more powerful countries. the United States, Soviet Union, and sometimes China used different techniques to cry to persuade these third world nations to become part of their alliance. they backed wars of revolution, liberation, or counterrevolution. the U.S. and the Soviet CIA engaged in secret activities like spying and assassination attempts. the U.S. gave military aid, constructed schools, organized programs to fight poverty, and sent volunteer workers to many of these nations. the Soviets, on the otherr hand, offered military and techical assistance, mainly to India and Egypt.


other developing countries needed assisstance, these needed nations became important players in the Cold War competition between United States, the Soviet Union, andlater China. but not all of these developing nations fell for the tactics of persuasion, many didnt want to be a part of the Cold War. a nation in southwest Asia struggled to not get involved. in 1955, they hosted a meeting with leaders from Asia and Africa came together the Bandung Conference to what was called a "third force" of indepedent coutries, or nonaligned nations. some nations maintained their neutrality, but others took sides of the superpowers.

After the great 20th century war, many countries suffered due to a long history of colonialism. They also suffered from ethnic conflicts and lack of technology and education to live. Each of these nations needed a political and economic system around them in which to build its society. There were 2 parties, the Soviet-style which consisted on communism and the U.S.-style consisting on free-market democracy. But later on was created the ‘third force’ of independent countries or nonaligned nations.

During the cold war the U.S. and the Soviet Union faced many battle of turning countries into what they wanted, and many confrontations appeared as they walk on, those two countries give foreign aid and bonuses to support their ideas. To gain support of other nations they made a NATO and Warsaw Pact in order to protect them against the war.

By: Michelle Pelletier

The cold war divided Europe and Germany after WWII. The Western European countries, such as Belgium, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and also nations such as Canada and the United States, formed North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Soviet Union took the Eastern European countries as satellite countries. East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria had being influenced and controlled by the Soviet Union, too. It also affected because, nations feared another attacked or nuclear attacked and differences between democratic and communist nations is still seeing.


After WWII, nations around the world were divided into three 'worlds': 1) the indutrialized capitalist nations such as the US and the allies, 2) the Soviet Union and the rest of the comunist nations 3) the third world, which consisted of developing nations who were not in alliance with neither superpower. In Latin America, the United States provided military and economic help to countries with anti-Communist dictators. During the 1950s, for example, Cuba was ruled by a Batista, an unpopular dictator which was overthrown during the Cuban Revolution led by Fidel Castro in 1959. Since the United States chose not to support Castro, he turned to the Soviets for support, which set off the Cuban Missile Crisis. Soviet aid to Cuba did not end until 1991, with the breakup of the Soviet Union. I think that what caused most of the Cold War confrontations was the division of help from the SU and the US. For example, the Soviets were helping anticolonial struggles and communist expansion while the US and their allies were trying to stop communist expansion. In the middle east, the fear of them Muslim countries turning against them drove the Soviets and the United States to get involved as well. For example, fearing that Iran will turn towards the soviets, the US helped restore the power of the Shaw after people forced the shah to flee in 1953.

The world’s nations were grouped politically in ‘three worlds” after World War II. The first world was the industrialized capitalist nations, which were the United States and its allies. The second world was the Communist nations led by the Soviet Union. The Third World consisted of developing nations, who were not aligned with either superpower, located in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. These nonaligned countries became other competition between the superpowers. To gain influence in the Third World, the United States and the Soviet Union backed wars of revolution, liberation or counterrevolution. The Third World nations that decided not to be aligned with any superpower decided to form what they called a “third force”.

After the war, communism and nationalistic feelings inspired revolutionary movements, which found Soviet support. In response, the United States provided military and economic assistance to anti- Communists dictators. Cold War confrontations erupted around the whole world. The oil-rich Middle East also attracted both super powers.

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