The Allied Victory

Summarize the Allied campaigns and the events that led to surrender

Just after Pearl Harbor, Winston Churchill and F.D.R. met at the White House to develop a joint war policy. Stalin asked his allies, United States and Great Britain, to relieve German pressure on his armies in the east. he wanted the Germans to open a second front on the west, this would split the German strength into two distinct places at once, making Germany fight two major battles at once splits their strenght right in the middle. Churchill agreed with Stalin's strategic plan, the Allies would then weaken Germany on two fronts before dealing with a deathblow. at first, Roosevelt was sceptical, but later ono he finally agreed.


Churchill wanted Britain and United States to strike first at North Africa and southern Europe. the strategy angered Stalin. he wanted to open up the second fron in France. the Soviet Union, therefore, had to do the work themselves and fight against the Germans, the only thing that Great Britain and the United States did was help with the supplies. but in 1942, the Allies began to turn the tide of war both in the Mediterranean and on the Eastern Front.

During the war, the allied side needed more supplies in order to sustain the battle so what they did was, in the United State any company and factories were turned into war production items. While in the school young children supported war by recycling scrap metal, rubber and by buying war bound. In the Soviet Union youngster collected enough crap metals to make 14,000 artillery shells, and Russian family rationed their use in order to buy a tank for the Red army.

The events that lead the Axis power to surrender was the D-day Invasion in which it was a secret built up of a large invasion force held in Britain, their plan was to launch an attack on German-held France across the English Channel, while the Germans knew that an attack was coming but they didn’t where, so in June 6 British, American, Canadian and French forces when to Normandy beach as the largest invasion in the world. Also the event of the Battle of Bulge where the Soviet Union was fighting the German in the east front while the other allies was battling in the northern front in which 2 front was held where it weakened the Germany troops making them to retreat or surrender.

By: Michelle Pelletier

To defeat the Axis power, the US needed to mobilize weapons in order to do that, so factories in the US started producing products for war. To convince their people, the Allied started making propaganda campaigns. In the Soviet Union, youngster collected enough scrap metal to produce thousands of artillery shells. But government propaganda had negative effect, because after Pearl Harbor, conflicts began by the US and the Japanese Americans. Many people voluntarily started fighting for the US. While the Allied were fighting toward the Japanese, they also prepare to gain victory in Europe. They secretly build an invasion to Great Britain. The invasion took place on May 1944. The allies then fought with German defenses. By September, they liberated France, Belgium, an Luxembourg. The allies then moved toward the west of Germany, now Hitler faced wars in both parts. But Germany then surrender. Hitler killed himself and General Eisenhower accepted the unconditional surrender of the Third Reich. On May 9, the surrender was finally signed. The US and other Allied powers celebrated.

The allied leaders were having dissagreements about how and when to begin their campaigns. Churchill and Roosevelt wanted to make the first strike to North Africa/Southern Europe, which Stalin disagreed. Despite the Soviet opposal, the Allies began to turn the war to both the Mediterranean and Eastern front. One of the first attacks was the North African Campaign, which took the Axis soldiers by total surprise, and after they launched Operation Torch, with which troops landed in Morrocco and Algeria. In the Battle of Stalingrad, the Soviets trapped the Germans and cut off their supplies. The invasion and capture of Mussolinni also played an important role on weakening the Axis power.

Perhaps the most important invasion which marked the leadership of the Allies was the Operation Overlord, which was the largest land and sea attack in history. British, French, American and Canadian troops attacked the beach in Normandy, occupied by the Germans. At last, when the Allied forces moved toward Germany from the west, Hiler faced a war on two fronts, which in the end led to their defeat at the Battle of the Bulge. The next year, the Allies invaded Germany through the Rhine River with about 9 million soldiers invading Berlin. By the end of April, the Soviets had surrounded Berlin and Hitler had commited suicide, which meant the surrender o the German Third Reich.

After Pearl Harbor, on December 22, 1941, Winston Churchill and President Roosevelt met at the White House to develop a war policy. Churchill wanted Britain and the United States to strike first at North Africa and southern Europe. The strategy angered Stalin. However, in late 1942 , the Allies began to move the war to the Mediterranean and the Eastern Front. On November 8, the Allies launched the Operation Torch, where more than 100,000 troops landed in Morocco and Algeria. Finally crashing the Afrika Korps in May 1943. When the Germans invaded Stalingrad, the Soviet trapped the Germans in and cut off their supplies. After this war the Germans were on the defensive. On July 10, 1943, Allied forces landed on Sicily and captured it from Italian and German troops about a month later; toppling Mussolini’s power.

Since defeating the Axis powers required mobilizing for total war. In the United States and Europe, factories converted their operations to wartime production. With factories turning out products, a shortage of consumer goods hit the countries, so the governments decided to ratio scare items. In 1943, the allies secretly began building an invasion force in Great Britain in order to launch an attack on German-held France acroos the English Channel. This invasion was called Operation Overload, which today is known as the largest land and sea attack in history. As Allies moved toward Germany from the west, the Soviet army was advancing from the east. On May 9, the surrender of Germany was signed in Berlin. The Allies celebrated this day as the V-E Day. Japan surrender on September 2, after two atomic bombs were thrown on their cities.

At the beginning, the United States had no intention of joining World War II, however after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, they used this event as a reason to enter the war. United States involvement in the war greatly turned the tide of battle, and if it weren't for that the Axis powers could have probably won. One important strategy was the battle on Two Fronts in Germany. On December 22, 1941, after the United States entered WWII Winston Churchill and President Roosevelt met at the White House and also with the cooperation of Stalin, they developed the strategy of attacking Germany on two fronts. Important battles of WWII includes the Battle of Stalingard, Invasion of Italy, Battle of Bulge, and probably the most important D-Day Invasion, which secured European victory for the Allies. After Hitler saw that he was losing the war, he committed suicide, declaring Germany's unconditional surrender.

Meanwhile the Allies had won in Europe, Japan was still fighting in the Pacific. The U.S., realizing that to invade and finally defeat Japan would probably be too costly in resources and soldiers. Therefore, they instead used their newly developed nuclear bombs, to end that war rapidly and to demonstrate to the other nations the power the US had. They sent two nuclear bombs, the first one on Hiroshima that killed 350,000 people, and the second on Nagasaki that killed more than 70,000. After being left in ruins, Japan finally surrendered. Now that the war ended, next was to rebuild or repair the damages.

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