Scipio family

Scipio is a Roman cognomen that represents the Cornelli Scipiones, a branch of the Cornelli family. Any individual male of the branch must be named Cornellius Scipio and a female Cornelia.

The family was one of the most distinguished of the Roman republic. At least fifteen of their members became consuls, and some of them were reelected many times between 350 and 111 BC.

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Scipio family tree

Politics

The Cornelii Scipiones were one of the most politically active families in the Roman Republic. They had a very fast rise, in the fourth century BC, they held only one consulship, but by the third century BC, they held eight consulships.

During the Second Punic War, the Scipiones fought to have their voice heard over those of conservatives of other families such as the Fabia gens. The Scipiones and their allies favored war and expansionism and the Fabii favored conservatism.


Culture

The Scipiones were famous for their interest in Hellenistic1 way of life. One of their most important integrants, Scipio Africanus, was criticized for his love of luxury and
Greek way of life./

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Scipio Africanus

He and his friends introduced the idea of formally educating children and woman in Greek and he is also said
to have introduced orange trees and other rare flowering plants to Rome.

Another of it's members, Scipio Aemilianus, was famous for his Scipionic circle, which was a
group of scholars and philosophers who gathered around him in his house in Rome.

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