Revolutions in the Arts

Romanticism was a major movement in art in Europe during the 1800s. Romanticism reflected deep interest both in nature and in the thoughts and feelings of the individual. Romantic thinkers focused more on emotion than reason, on nature rather than society. Emotion was the major element of romanticism. Romantic thinkers and artist generally shared these beliefs:
• Loved the beauties of untamed nature
• Valued the common people and the individual
• Idealized the past as a simpler and nobler time
• Promoted radical change and democracy

In literature, a genre that gained a lot of popularity was gothic horror stories. One of the best horror novels of all time was written during this artistic revolution. Mary Shelly wrote the story of Frankenstein, the story of a monster created from the body parts of dead human beings.

The Enlightenment lead to a new movement called romanticism, which reflected interest in nature and in the thoughts and feelings of the individuals. Nationalism influenced the romantic ideas. For example, some writers fought for the freedom of their nations. The key element of romanticism was emotion expressing a wide range of ideas. Since poetry, music, and painting were the most influential arts they captured the emotion. Some romantic artists of the time are Ludwig van Beethoven, Mary Shelley, Franz Liszt, etc. In the mid 1900s industrialization had seriously affected the life in Europe and began to make the romantic dreams seem pointless. Because of this a movement called realism appeared. Realism showed life exactly as it was, reflecting the everyday life and dreams. Photography became the art if the industrial age with it’s scientific, mechanical and mass-produced characteristics.

Some painters decided to show their impression of a subject or moment, creating another style of art called impressionism. They used pure color to capture the attention. Impressionist showed the positive side of the urban society in contrast with realism.

Art Movements
By: Michelle Pelletier

At the end of the 18th century, a major movement in both art and ideas arose, called the romanticism. It reflected deep interest in nature and ideas such as thoughts and feelings of individuals. The romanticism stated some of the following ideas:

  • Love the beauty of nature
  • Idealized the past as a simpler and nobler time
  • Glorified heroes and heroic actions
  • Emphasized in inner emotions, feelings, and imagination
  • Promoted radical change and democracy
  • Etc

Romanticism was reflected in literature, music, painting, and poetry, because they were able to captured the idea of romanticism. Then in the 19th century, romanticism started to be pointless, and people developed realism, that showed how life as it was. For example, photographers took pictures of an instant time with scientific precision, realism writers wrote about brutal struggle in wealth and power among their countries, painters also painted real life satiation. But suddenly in the 1860s other painters changed the realism, and introduced impressionism, in which they painted a subject or a moment in time that was fascinated for them.

Katherine Peña
During the 1800's, artists began focusing on ideas of freedom, the rights of individuals, and an idealistic view of history. These enlightenment ideals gave rise to a major art movement, romanticism, this movement reflected deep interest in both, nature and in the thoughts and feelings of an individual. Soon romantic writers began to rise against the enlightenment ideals, they were more into emotion than in reason and were more into nature than in society.

The key element of romanticism was emotion, sometimes they went beyond feelings epressing a wide range of ideas and attitudes. In conclusion, romantic thinkers and artists shared these beliefs:
*loved the beauties of untamed nature
*glorified heroes and heroic actions
*valued the common people and democracy
*ect.


During the half of the 18th Century, many artists, writers, and other intellectual people began to gain interest on ideas that expressed freedom, a realistic view of life, the rights of individuals, and an certain idealisms about history. This new interest in these ideas inspired the creation of another major movement in the fields arts called romanticism. Romanticism, which is also partly influenced by nationalist ideas, reflected their deep interest in nature and in the thoughts and feelings of the individuals. Romanticism ideas differed from Enlightenment ideas. While Enlightenment ideas emphasized reason and importance of society, romanticism emphasized emotion and importance of nature, and like I mentioned before, romantic scholars favored nationalism.

A general summary of the ideas shared by romantic artists writers, etc. includes:

  • emphasized inner feelings, emotions, and imagination
  • focused on the mysterious, the supernatural, and the exotic, grotesque or horrifying
  • loved the beuties of untamed or undisturbed nature
  • idealized the past as a simpler and nobler time
  • glorified heroes and heroic actions
  • cherished folk traditions, music, and stories
  • valued the common people and the individual
  • promoted radical change and democracy

Other ideas and movements that surged around this time realism and impressionism. Realist artists and writers tried to show how life it was and not as it is commonly thought to be. They usually focused on the current increasing political importance of the working class of their time, or the 1850s. They also demonstrated the workers' suffering within the harsh working conditions available, and also the suffering of the poor. Realist artists eventually implemented the use of photography to record the exact time they want to mention. Impressionism on the other hand, showed their impression of a subject, a moment in time, or an event, and used pure, shimmerring colors in order to express a moment seen at a glance. Unlike realism, impressionist painters demonstrated a more positive side of society.

By: Diango Liu


Romanticism is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength in reaction to the Industrial Revolution. It was a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, nd was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature. Also During this century realism and impressionism appeared. Realism in the visual arts and literature refers to the general attempt to depict subjects in accordance with secular empirical rules as they are considered to exist in third person objective reality, without embellishment or interpretation.

By: Haresh Khemlani (:

After the 18th century a major movement that followed the enlightenment ideas was gradually created in which involved art and ideas and it’s called the romanticism. This is an intellectual movement in which reflected deep affection in the feelings and nature of each person. In the same way romantic writers and thinkers was enemy of the ideas from the enlightenment, also against the rationalization of the nature. But it also has a great impact on the history, natural and educational way.

During the romanticism age the most influential part was by the poetry, painting and music because it could capture the emotions of the romanticism style. Later on Gothic horror stories became a really influential where it took place in Gothic castles filled with full of fearful violent events, that encourage people to look forward into it.


The enlightenment ideas of the 18th century gave rise to another movement of ideas and arts: romanticism, which reflected the deep interests in nature and in the indivudual's thoughts and feelings. Romantic artists turned from reason to emotion and from society to nature. Wild emotions were the key to romanticism, although romanticism went beyond feelings. They most likely emphasized in beliefs such as glorifying heroes, cherishing traditions, stories, and promoting changes and democracy. In romanticism, poetry was the highest form of expression, and many poets such as W. Wodsworth honored nature, making it the source of truth and beatuy. Other poets, such as Lord Byron, celebrated heroes and passionate love on their poems. During the time, gothic novels also became increasingly popular, with authors such as Mary Shelley who wrote Frankestein. Music also became part of the middle class during the time, and composers moved away to celebrate heroism and national pride.

Since industrialization was growing rapidly and everyday life was becoming harsher, the idealistic ideas portrayed by romantics seemed naive and pointless. A new movement, realism, showed real life the way it actually was, not the idealistic way portrayed. Realist artists [writers and painters] detailed actual loves of people, and photography recorded things instantly. Realism had a great impact in France, who had writers such as Emile Zola and Honore de Balzac, who thoroughly described struggles in French society and described the miseries French workers encountered. Impressionist artists reacted against this realist styles, and instead of showing "realities" of life, they showered their impression of the moment. Impressionists, showed a more positive view of the urban society than realists.

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