Nationalism is the belief that people should be loyal to their nations not to their kings. They also believed that people of a single ancestry, common past and a shared way of life should united under a single government. It wasn’t widespread until the 1800s. It affected all countries either by creating new ones or breaking up old ones. Three develop empires - the Austrian Empire, The Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire - we made up of a mixture o Ethnic groups. When nationalism emerged in the 19th century, it acted as a force of disunity for these empires.

The Austrian Empire brought together Slovenes, Hungarians, Germans, Czechs, Slovaks, Croats, Poles, Serbs, and Italians. In 1866, Prussia defeated Austria in the Austro-Prussian war. Then Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria split the empire in half, declaring Austria and Hungary independent estates. Nationalism disputes continued to weaken the empire for more than 40 years. Finally Austria-Hungary broke into separate nation-states. Unlike Austrian Empire Prussia enjoyed several advantages that would eventually help it forge a strong German state. First of all, Prussia had mainly German population. As a result, nationalism acted as a unifying force. Moreover, Prussia's army was by far the most powerful in central Europe.
By: Vicente Gomez

Nationalism is the caring someone gets toward their nation's identity. Nationalism has influenced many nations during the 1800s. It made many ethnic groups feel free to rule themselves instead of being ruled by an empire. During the 1800s, nationalists were not loyal to the king but to the ones with common things. Nationalists thought they should get people with same ancestry rule into one single government. Nationalism is sometimes reactionary, calling for the expulsion of foreigners but, Other forms of nationalism are revolutionary, calling for the establishment of an independent state as a homeland for an ethnic underclass.

Nationalism emphasizes a collective identity in which people must be autonomous, united, and express a single national culture.However, some nationalists stress individualism as an important part of their own national identity.
By: Kenny Fung & Jose Mckinney

In the 1800s, nationalism was a very strong idea. Nationalists believed that they should be loyal to their people not to their king, and also that the people that had the same culture and nationality should be under a single government. Nationalism can unify, separate or build up nation states.

Rulers started to use this idea to benefit themselves. It also affected old empires like the Ottoman, Austrian, and the Russian Empire by breaking up their empire into nation-states, but nationalism not only destroyed empires, it also built nations, for example Italy was part of the Austrian Empire. As Italy, Germany obtained “national unity” and formed a group called the German confederation but the Austrian Empire still dominated the confederation. In 1815, the Congress of Vienna established five great powers in Europe that was Britain, France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia. By 1871, the balance of power had broken down; Britain and Germany were the most powerful countries, economically and militarily, and Austria, Russia, and France were far behind them.

by kimberly dominguez

Nationalism was the ideal that above everything was the nation. That every person followed by a same culture, ancestors, beliefs should be under a single government. Nationalism ideals caused the creation, separation, or unification of Nation-States.Examples of this can be Germany and Italy in unification. Greeks in Ottoman Empire, French Speaking Canadians in separation. And the United States and Turkey in State-Building.

Countries such as Germany and Itlay were influnced by this since both achieved "national unity". Both states where lead by revolutionaries such as Garibladi for italy and, Bismark. The unification of Italy and Germany reduced the power of the Ottoman empire and the Austrian empire. This unity influenced in Germany allowing them to become a great power together with Great Britain.
By Ricardo Baio

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