Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea

Describe how geography and religion affected these kingdoms.

Kingdoms of Southeast Asia

The region of Southeast Asia is located south of China, and it includes modern-day countries such as: Myanmar(Burma), Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, and the Philipinnes. This region consists of two main parts: the mainland peninsula Indochina, and the islands in this region. Because of its location between many seas, rivers, and straits, trade was very important and prosperous to the many great kingdoms that rose in this region, and the warm, humid tropical climate with the monsson winds provided good conditions for agriculture. The two main religions in this region are Hinduism and Buddhism, which were introduced through trade with India and China, in which of these two India had the largest amount of influence over the culture of this region.

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Influence of India and China
Indian merchants traded monsoons to southeast Asia.Hinduism and Buddhish spread, becoming the mayor political ideas or base of rising Southeast Asia kingdoms.
Also Southeastern Asia poets wrote poems in Sanskrit, the Indian language.Chinese ideas and culture spread to the south throught migration and trade while political views spread through direct rule or tribute collecting.
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The Khmer Empire

The Khmer Empire was one of the most powerful and prosperous empire to emerge in Southeast Asia, which reached its highest around the year 1200, and was located in what is now Cambodia. One of the main reasons why this empire became so prosperous was its improved rice cultivation, which they achieved by building complex and efficient irrigation systems and waterways. Not only did their irrigation systems demonstrate that they were very advanced, but also because they were capable of building the world's largest religious structure, the Angkor Wat, which was built during the reign of Suryavarman II, and served as a symbolic mountain dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu, and as well as an observatory.

This empire was ruled by several strong leaders, which included: the founder of the capital Angkor Jayavarman II, Yasodharapura or Indravarman I, Suryavarman II, Jayavarman VII, and the last strong leader Indravarman II. The Khmer Empire soon started to decline during the 13th Century, and later the Thai invaded what was left of the weakened empire. The exact reason to its decline is yet unknown, but there are yet unproved explanations such as that their irrigation system failed, causing low harvests, or "ecological failure and infrastructural breakdown" is also possible.

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The Khmer Empire at its greatest around the year 1200
Vietnam
Located south of China, on the coastal region. Fell under Chinese authority fo over 1,000 years. In the early 900s Vietnam brake away from chinese control, due to the weakness of china´s Tang Dynasty, becomes an independent kingdom in 939. Also Vietnamese are influenced by Chinese, Buddhism, but the Vietnamese had more independence and kept cultural individuality..Vietnamese women had more freedom unlike the chinese females.

Korea
Korea is located on a peninsula that extends out towards Japan.Isolated from all its neighbors. Also Limited amount of land was farmable.
According to legend, the first Korean was founded by a hero, Tan´gun.Koreans were a distinct people who developed their own native traditions.Their culture was also created by chinese influences on nearly dynastic times. Also the Koreans borrowed culture to fit their own needs and maintained a distinct way of life.
At the biggining Korea was made of clans and tribes. Until 108 whaen the Hang Dynasty established a military government..Kore learned the centralized government, Confucianism, Buddhism, and writing from the Chinese..This set of influences form what we knbow today as Korea.

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