James I & Charles I

James I

Definition of Absolute Monarchy, Divine Right, and How does it show in their reign?

James established a basic idea for monarchy by writing two works called " The Trew Law of Free Monarchies". The work explains that the divine rights of Kings is about the belief that the King/Queen had a royal absolutism on their people by saying that his right to rule came directly form the will of god and anybody who oppose it shall be a traitor to god. The work lead to a creation of a theory of absolute Monarchy in which the King could Impose laws as he please with no opposition at all. He also stated that the King owned the entire area they command because they arose first than any system of government and that the land was since the beginning fully theirs. Creating the idea that the Kings were the creators of law and not vise verse causing the Parliament to be looked at like the Head Court of the King.

Kendrick Abreu Grullon

James I Reign

James Charles Stuart was born on June 19, 1566 at Edinburg Castle in Scotland. His father, Lord Darnley, was murdered in early 1567 before young James was 1 year old. His mother, Mary Queen of Scots, was soon afterwards forced to step down from the Scottish throne due to her suspected involvement in the murder. He was then crowned King James VI of Scotland at age of 13 months, who was also known as James I of England. Reformation leader John Knox preached the sermon at his coronation. He reigned in England from 1603-1625. King James believed in the Divine Right of Kings and the monarch's duty to reign according to God's law and the public good.

Natasha Chami

Late Reign

His last years were marked by the English Civil War, in which he fought the forces of the English and Scottish Parliaments, which challenged the king's attempts to overrule and negate Parliamentary authority, which using his position as head of the English Church to pursue religious policies which generated the antipathy of reformed groups such as the Puritans. Charles was defeated in the First Civil War, after which Parliament expected him to accept its demands for a constitutional monarchy. He instead remained on the defensive by attempting to forge an alliance with Scotland and escaping to the Isle of Wight.

Luis Rafael Acta 10A


James I did many important developments for England. One of the most important things he did was that in 1604, he influenced Spain to make piece between them after all the time that they had fighting between each other. He also made a new banqueting house Whitehall Palace in London, who was designed by the architect Inigo Jones. In 1611, he also published a new translation of the bible. James I was a great king who really helped a lot England in many other ways. He had some personal issues like for example the use of tobacco which people didn’t like but after all his accomplishments helped a lot in this time England. He died in 1625 at the age of 58 years.

Rafael Cabrera

Charles I of England

Definition of Absolute Monarchy and Divine Right

  • Absolute monarchy is when the monarch exercises absolute and complete power over the state and government. In absolute monarchy, there is not limitations or restrictions of power for the monarch, and the throne is passed by hereditary.
  • Divine Right consists of a political and religious doctrine. The monarch is supposed to rule in God’s will because he/she was gifted. The monarch doesn’t have more power that God, but he/she certainly has the greatest power earthly.

How does it show in their reign?

Charles I ruled with absolute monarchy over his people claiming himself as the divine right. He had absolute power over the government and the people, and even when the parliament proposed constitutional monarchy to him, he refused it, and rejected the idea.

Saluna Chow

He didnt really do something. Charles eventually created a war with parliament and lost. He was beheaded later that year.

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