Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance

Explain the origins and innovations of the early Renaissance

Everything happened after the Dark Ages, or also known as the Middle Ages. People just went through the hard life and the plague. Survivors were happy because of the fact that they could make it, so they needed something new to light up their lives again. During the Middle Ages, people just depended on the church for everything due to the fact that there was no strong central government. After the Middle Ages, people started to ask themselves if Church was the only way of life. Wonders and questions began so this made writers and artists from the northern part of Italy to experiment new life styles and new learning subjects other than Church materials.

Innovations of the Renaissance included art, humanism, painting, sculpture, and literature. The Renaissance opened the hidden artistic and creative aspects of artists and writers. It gave a re-birth and re-learning to the all the subjects that were known in The Middle Ages. Artists saw that they could express themselves in many different ways, such as in art, sculpture and literature. The idea of Church started to decrease because people started to use other ways to express their religions, and not just by Church. Rich families and patrons found a new way of using their money which made Italy prosper even more. They bought expensive paintings to donate it to the city to put them in public squares, which gave a creative and artistic sense to the city.

-Saluna Chow 10A

Claudia Franjul:
The movement known as the Renaissance began after the Middle Ages in Italy. It brought a revival of the knowledge of Greece and Rome along with new ideas about the Individual, learning and the arts. Certain conditions allowed Italy to become the birthplace of the Renaissance. First, the crusades had allowed trade to grow, therefore cities grew. People from different places met in these cities and exchanged knowledge. At the same time,learning was no more seen just for priests, scholars (who questioned the Church) and artists began revising Roman and Greek manuscripts and art. This allowed them to regain the lost ancient knowledge and at the same time inspired them to develop new ideas. Finally, the development of guilds had allowed some people to become financially stable and form part of a middle class. This middle class later on became wealthy and showed off their wealth by becoming patrons of artists who created works of art for them. Like this they promoted the arts and therefore the Renaissance.

The renewal of art was one of the achievements made during this period. New techniques such as the use of perspective were developed, artists began following the classical realism. Architects went back to Roman and Greek styles. In Literature writers began writing in vernacular languages expressing their personal ideas about emotions, life, human nature, and even politics. In the area of philosophy the humanist movement, which centered around human’s capacities, was born.

Renaissance is refer to a period of time after the late middle ages(Italy). it was called the Renaissance because it marked the turn point from the dark ages, destruction and suffering, to a period of peace and prosperity. During the beginning of this period the people started to question all of their believes that couldn't prevent the disastrous event from the pass. This caused a group of people, who are mostly writers and artists, to change their perspective of the world they know. Causing the recreation of art and education throught the land.

There were some changes that occur during this time. One of them was humanism which is an movement that change the perspective of writers. The literature started to become more diverse, in sense of language, when people began to write on their on native language. Artist now started to change their style creating more realistic form of paintings and sculpture using realistic portraits of people.

Kendrick Abreu

After the Dark Ages, came the period the Renaissance. The Renaissance was a period in which creativity in art, writing, and humanism approached. The Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. During this period the Renaissance women and man took a great place because they should be charming and classics. Beginning in Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th century, its influence affected literature, philosophy, art, politics, science, religion, and other aspects of intellectual inquiry. Renaissance scholars employed the humanist method in study, and searched for realism and human emotion in art. Scientific thinkers such as Leonardo da Vinci, Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Tycho Brahe, Rene Descartes, William Harvey, and Johannes Kepler attempted to refine earlier thought on astronomy

During this period Art and Science took a great part because Church leaders had a good attitude toward the art and they became known as patrons. Even the wealthy would do paintings and demonstrate their own importance. Most of the Renaissance Writers changed even changed Literature by writing in the vernacular instead of Latin. Thanks to the period of the Renaissance things changed and artist, literature, philosophy and science changed the way of life for everyone.

- Natasha Chami

Renaissance was a term used to refer to the period of time after the middle ages. The term meaning rebirth, refers to the revival of art and learning in Italy. The educated men and women of Italy had a hope to bring back to life the culture of classical Greece and Rome. All these did really good to the people who suffered from both war and the plague, beacause they wanted to celebrate life and the human spirit. The renaissance would greatly change how europeans saw themselves and the world.

The Renaissance brought many innovations such as humanism. classical texts led to humanism, which was an intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements. The church patron spent huge amounts of money to beautify Rome. All these brought a rise in the arts of painting and sculpture. The writers of this time also changed literature, for example people wrote forself-expression or to portray the individuality of their subjects. I think that these piece of writing basically sums up the renaissance origins and innovations.
-Luis Acta -> The two paragraphs on top of my name are mine

How the Renaissance came to be…

The Renaissance began in a period in which people couldn't think for themselves. They had to follow only what the Church stated, and most areas where divided by feudal states. After the Bubonic Plague, well, a very large group of people began thinking outside the box. How could the Church not save them in their time of need?They analyzed that they had to take care of themselves, that human beings were really important and that their lives shouldn't be lost. And BOOM! the Renaissance kicks in. Perhaps people began looking for a way to enjoy life, to watch time pass by, nevertheless by doing this distinct fields of art develop such as architecture, sculpture, writing, etc. Wealthy families decided they should sponsor this types of projects, which would make their family's name on the map, they could gain power and popularity by doing so.

Renaissance thinking brought human and individual ideas to Europe. It brought arts, beauty, and a whole bunch of knowledge. It was a huge step for Europe, for mankind, since people went back to their era of glory, taking ideas from ancient Rome and Greece. They had suffered enough. Just draw the picture; 60% of the population of each of these countries gone to the plague, the rest of the people in war between Britain and France. I know, its not pretty at all. These people had just lost to much, they were really devastated through the Dark Ages, and know, know they could see the light after the tunnel, they could take man as the center of creation, not being chained to religion, letting their real selves out, the person that had been inside all along. They didn't let fear rule their lives anymore OH NO!, people were free to do WHATEVER they wanted to do to think DIFFERENTLY and not being accused or even worse, burned at stake. Tying up the knot, if the Renaissance wouldn't have happened in Europe, maybe people couldn't have advanced, they would have kept living in that sad reality. You may think whats the great deal, its just art or literature whatsoever, BUT ITS SO MUCH MORE THAN THAT. People had to strive to live, to advance, to acquire all that new and rich knowledge by adding to it some more.The Renaissance revolutionized the way people thought in Europe and art really boosted in this period. Don't you think???

-Gaby H.(:

[[image http://patrique.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/bacchus_painting.jpg]

The main reason why Renaissance started in Italy was because of city-states. In every city-state, there is a different culture, different traditions and different way of seeing things. This contributed a lot to the Renaissance because this way, different cultures mixed with new cultures which started to change the way of seeing everything.

Some innovations during the Renaissance where, in literature the new way of thinking called humanism was started to be introduced. In art, a new technique was developed, the perspective technique which showed three dimensional figures on a flat surface. there were many other changes donje during the renaissance which is the main reason of why the renaissance movement was so important.

Rafael Cabrera

Italian Renaissance

Steven Alvarez:
Northern Italy and upper Central Italy were divided into a number of warring city-states, the most powerful being Milan, Florence, Pisa, Siena, Genoa, Ferrara, Mantua,Verona and Venice. High Medieval Northern Italy was further divided by the long running battle for supremacy between the forces of the Papacy and of the Holy Roman Empire: each city aligned itself with one faction or the other, yet was divided internally between the two warring parties, Guelfs and Ghibellines. Warfare between the states was common, invasion from outside Italy confined to intermittent sorties of Holy Roman Emperors. Renaissance politics developed from this background. Since the thirteenth century, as armies became primarily composed of mercenaries, prosperous city-states could field considerable forces, despite their low populations. In the course of the fifteenth century, the most powerful city-states annexed their smaller neighbors.

The first part of the Renaissance saw almost constant warfare on land and sea as the city-states vied for preeminence. On land, these wars were primarily fought by armies of mercenaries known as condottieri, bands of soldiers drawn from around Europe, but especially Germany and Switzerland, led largely by Italian captains. It was also in the interest of mercenaries on both sides to prolong any conflict, to continue their employment. Mercenaries were also a constant threat to their employers; if not paid, they often turned on their patron. If it became obvious that a state was entirely dependent on mercenaries, the temptation was great for the mercenaries to take over the running of it themselves—this occurred on a number of occasions.
-Steven Alvarez

The beginning of the Renaissance was at the end of the Dark Ages. People had a really bad time during the Dark Ages because they hadn’t a strong central government. So, they basically depended on the church for everything. The Renaissance was a revival of time that brought new ideas and it began in Italy. People developed different art styles and art fields such as architecture, sculpture, writing, and painting. They also shared ideas from city to city and then from country to country. This is the reason for why you see that Roman and Greek art styles are so similar. There was a particular fact that permitted art to grow more. Women had more freedom so they expressed themselves by painting. Still, the great sculptures and magnificent building were made by men.

During this period, many different art techniques were invented. One of the most common techniques, and one that we still use today, is perspective. Perspective was an effect that created the illusion that the paintings were three-dimensional. Not only artists achieved greatness, writers also made a great change. The printing press might be considered the most important change. It made it easier to make copies of a book in a way that written books became available far and wide and in many different languages. Books were cheap enough that many people could buy them.

Gabriela Elias :)

++Birth of Renaissnace

The birth of the renaissance is not well statedone idea is that the Renaissance had their origin in the late 13th century in Florence, in particular with the writings of Dante Alighieri and Francesco Petrarca also the painting of Giotto di Bondone.The other idea comes from some writers that date the Renaissance quite precisely one proposed starting point is 1401 when the rival geniuses Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Brunelleschi competed for the contract to build the bronze doors for the Baptistery of the Florence Cathedral which Ghilberti won. Others see more general competition between artists and polymaths such as Brunelleschi, Ghiberti, Donatello, and Masaccio for artistic commissions as sparking the creativity of the Renaissance. Yet it remains much debated why the Renaissance began in Italy, and why it began when it did.

By:Eliecer CRuz

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