Industrialization Spreads

The world’s first factories were built in Britain. The industrial revolution spread to the United States and Europe. Great Britain’s geography, financial system, political stability, and natural resources helped to the developing of the industrial revolution, the United States had all those factors too. In the war of 1812, Britain didn’t let the United States trade with other countries; this forced them to use their own resources. The United States started in the textile industry, but Britain wanted to keep the secret to industrialization for them so they forbidden engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers to leave the country. In 1789, a British mill worker immigrated to the United State and built a spinning machine, the next year Moses Brown opened the first factory in the United States. By the early 1800s, the northeast had experienced an industrial growth. Until the end of the Civil War, the United States had remained primarily agricultural.

Belgium adopted Britain’s new technology and led Europe to do the same. William Cockerill a carpenter from Lancashire went to Belgium illegally and had secret plans to build spinning machinery, his son built a big industrial enterprise in Belgium, it produced mechanical equipment. Germany wanted to copy the British model, they imported British equipment and engineers, also German manufacturers started to send their children to England to learn industrial management. By the late 1800s, Germany had both an industrial and a military power. In the rest of Europe, industrialization was by region rather than by country. The industrial revolution changes the world balance of power and increased competition.

by kimberly dominguez

As you all know, Great Britain´s favorable geography and it financial system, political, and natural resources sparked industrialization. As well as England, the United States possessed the same resources, rich deposits of coal and iron ore, fast-flowing rivers and the huge mass of farm workers needed. Therefore, Great Britain blockaded them after the war of 1812; so they had to use their own resources and to develop their own independent industries. Moreover, Great Britain had forbidden engineer, mechanics and toolmakers to leave the country; but in 1789, however, a young British mill maker, Samuel Slater, immigrated to the United States. There, he built a spinning machine from memory. Then Moses Brown opened the first factory in the United States to house Slater´s machines in Pawtucket, Rhone Island. In 1813, Francis Cavot Lowell mechanized every stage in the manufacture of cloth. When Lowell died the remaining partners named the town after him. Also, as in Great Britain, railroads played a mayor role in America’s industrialization, but building large businesses like railroads required a great deal of money. To raise money, entrepreneurs sold shares of stocks.

Troubles sparked by the French revolution and the Napoleonic wars between 1789-1815 had halted trade, interrupted communications, and caused inflations in some parts of the continent. As a result, in the rest of Europe industrialization during the 1800s proceeded by region rather than by country. Even in countries where agriculture dominated, pockets of industrializations arose. In the other hand, for a variety of reasons, many European countries did not industrialize. In some nations, social structure delayed the adaptations of new methods of productions and the accidents of geography held back others.
By: Vicente Gomez

Britain was the first country to industrialize, because of its fast flowing rivers, rich deposits of coal and iron ore, farm workers and immigrants. United States had the same capacity to produce and manufacture all the goods they couldn´t import after Britain´s blockade. Later on, Britain also forbidded their engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers to leave the country. However a young mill worker called Samuel Slater flew to the United States and built a spinning machine.

Industralization led to competition between nations. Industralized countries used non-industralized country to support all its factories working by feeding and raw materials. In 1700 and 1900, many revolutions such as agricultures, productions, transportations, and communication changed people´s life. Industralization helped Europe to gain power.
By: Kenny Fung

The first country to industialize was britain. One of the reasons was the influence of the enlightment. The other was the rich depostis of iron and coal. The great number of laborers avaible. After a while Britain appied restrictions to mechanics, toolmakers, and engineers to leave there country. This way they could stop the others from evolving for a period of time making Britain the most powerful nation in the time.

Industrilaztion made nations to compete for advance. A young mill worker, Samuel Slater went to United States, with the Blue prints of inventions such as sewing machines, spining mahince, etc. Sltater took to a new a levle the sewing industry in the united states. The Industrial revolution was important not only for textile, but the advances in roads, transportation, agriculture, comunication. this was certainly a boom for europe especially Britain to go ahead of the rest of the world.
By : Ricardo Baio

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License