Feudalism in Europe

Invasion of Western Europe

During 800 to 1000, Europe became the target of new attack. Throughout this period Europe was invaded by the Viking, Magyars, and Muslims, in which caused widespread turmoil and agony.

When this invasion began the Viking invaded from the North of Europe. The Viking had settled sail from Scandinavia, located in Northern Europe. Wherein they were a Germanic people that worshiped warlike gods and nicknames were extremely important for them. They used the nicknames to represent the people for what they have done. Vikings carried out incursion with terrifying speed. They had big long ships for their attacks and had clutching swords and heavy wooden shields, these helmeted seafarers beached their ships, struck quickly, and then moved out to sea again. They were gone before locals could mount defense. However, the Vikings were not only warriors but also traders, farmer, and explorers, where they ventured far beyond Western Europe.

Europe became the new target of assaults as the Viking invasions declined. With such remarkable horsemen the magyars sort of glided from the east, what is now Hungary, across the plains of the Danube River and, in the later 800, invaded Western Europe. They pillaged villages and monasteries. They infiltrated Italy and went so far west as to reach Rhineland and Burgundy. Great conquerors they were but they proved to be mediocre rulers for instead of settling and governing their conquered land they took the conquered captives and sold them off as slaves.

The Muslims then had hit from the South. They invaded the part in which is now Italy and Spain. During this period, the Muslims had planned to rob Western Europe.
After this invasion the people did not know where to go, so they went to local rulers who had their own armies. This invasion did not only cause many suffering and disorder, but it made most of Western Europe people in continuous danger.

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The Structure of Feudalism

Feudalism is a decentralized sociopolitical structure in which a weak monarchy attempts to control the lands of the realm through reciprocal agreements with regional leaders. It had emerged in Europe by the worst years of the invaders attacks spanned roughly 850 to 950. This feudal system was based on rights and obligations.

The structure of feudalism is characterized by three primary elements in which are lord, vassal, and fief. A lord was a noble who owned land, a vassal was a person who was granted possession of the land by the lord, and the land was known as a fief. In exchange for the fief, the vassal would provide military service to the lord. The obligations and relations between lord, vassal and fief form the basis of feudalism.

This system was also organized like a pyramid. In the pyramid the king would be on the top for the power it had and on the bottom would be the peasant for how poor it was. This system was not only used in Europe, but it was also used in many places.

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Manor System

The manor was the lord’s estate. Life on a manor was the medieval version of a relationship which occurs, between landlord and peasant, in any society where a leisured class depends directly on agriculture carried out by others and was the basic of economy arrangements.

Purpose of Manor System

The Manor system was basically to have an economic arrangement. In which the lord would provide a serf with housing, farmland, and protection from inhabitants and in return, a serf would tend a lord’s land, cared for his animals, and performed other task to maintain the estate. This meant that all serfs or peasants owed the lord certain duties.

The basic unit was the manor was under the control of a lord, so free tenants paid rent or provided military service in exchange for the use of the land. Peasants farmed small plots of land and owed rent and labour to their lord, and most were not free to leave the estate.

However, the peasants paid a high price for the privilege of living on the lords’ land. Not only did they pay tax on all grain ground in the lords’ mills, marriage, and they owed the village priest a tithe, but they also lived in crowded cottages and had only one or two beds. They even bring pigs inside to warm their dirt-floor houses. Nonetheless, serfs accepted they way of living because of the Church teachings.

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The Manor System in Europe in the Middle Ages was also known as the "Manorial System". All the feudal relationships back then was a mutual exchange of goods, lands, or services. Use of the term feudalism is typically restricted to the relationships between members of the nobility. However, relationships between the nobility and the peasantry, known as manorialism, reflect a similar power structure.

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History of Feudalism in Europe

The feudal system first appears in definite form in the Frankish lands in the 9th and 10th cent. A long dispute between scholars as to whether its institutional basis was Roman or Germanic remains somewhat inconclusive; it can safely be said that feudalism emerged from the condition of society arising from the disintegration of Roman institutions and the further disruption of Germanic inroads and settlements. Of course, the rise of feudalism in areas formerly dominated by Roman institutions meant the breakdown of central government; but in regions untouched by Roman customs the feudal system was a further step toward organization and centralization.

Feudalism and Manor System
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Muslim Invade Western Europe; Their goals

Muslim invaders from the south seized Sicily and raided Italy. In 846, they sacked Rome. The Muslim struck from the south. They began their encroachments from their strongholds in North Africa, invading through what are now Italy and Spain. In the 600s and 700s, the Muslim plan was to conquer and settle in Europe. By the 800s and 900s, their goal was also to plunder. Because the Muslims were expert sea farmers, they were able to attack settlements on the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. They also struck as far inland as Switzerland. This invasions caused widespread disorder and suffering.

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The Feudal System

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The feudal system was a way of government based on obligations between the lord or king and vassal.
The king gave large lands,known as the fief, which included houses, barns, tools, animals, and serfs or peasants to the vassals. The king also promised to protect the vassal on the field or in the courts. In exchange for this, the nobles who were given the fiefs swore an oath of loyalty to the king. The nobles promised never to fight against the king.
This was first seen with Viking leader, Rollo, and French ing Charles the Simple, where they came to a peace treaty, and Rollo swore loyalty to Charles.

The Manor System

nor System was kind of like an "agreement" between lord and serf. Remember that at the time people were in constant danger, they could be killed by other peoples at any given moment. They were all afraid, come on, who wouldnt be afraid to be taken their heads off. Thats why they went to lords, to seek protection. The lords were just wealthy people who owned lots of land which are usually really lazy, like they had lots of power, why in the world did they have to work???So they took the people who had been born in their lands, by obligation they had to work on their lords land, the manor. The manor system said that the serf had to work the lands of their lord, giving the lord like a percent of foods also in exchange of protection. The poor serfs had to obey this rules to live, its really sad….
many children did not survive to get to adulthood. illness and malnutrition were constant afflictions for medieval peasants. average life expectancy was about 35 year and during those years, most peasants never traveled more than 25 miles from thier homes. although it was harsh work, they would accept it because of their beliefs, that God determined a person's place in society.

Random Fact: Did you know that the serfs never ventured more then their lords land???-Thats quite unfair, sad, and at the same time interesting.

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