Fascism Rises in Europe

Trace the rise of fascism in Italy and Germany and describe its impact

Benito Mussolini invented facism. Facism is a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government which means its opposed to liberalism and demcoratic parties. Hitler in Germany followed Mussolinies Ideals , they both became dicatators and killed alot of people. Its impact in Italy was so big that Mussolini Mussolini advocated universal suffrage, the abolition of the Senate, land for the peasants, improvement of workers' conditions and a strong foreign policy.
Facism is very bad in my opinion because all it has brought is destruction.

By : Haresh Khemlani (:

Fascism is a political movement that emphasized loyalty to the state and obedience to its leader. Fascism’s rise in Italy was fueled of disappointment over the failure to win large territorial gains at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. Inflation and unemployment contributed too. For many Italians, their democratic government seemed helpless to deal with these problems and they wanted someone who would handle the problems. Benito Mussolini promised to rescue Italy by reviving its economy and rebuilding its armed forces. He founded the Fascist party in 1919, and publicly criticized Italy’s government and his popularity increased. He played on the fear of a worker’s revolt and win support from the middle classes, the industrial leaders, and aristocracy. In October 1922, around 30,000 fascist marched, demanding to the king to put Mussolini in charge of the government and he did it. He abolished democracy and prohibited all political parties except the fascist, he also jailed his opponents and force radio stations and publication to broadcast or publish only fascist doctrines.

The Nazis was the largest political party by 1932. Conservatives leaders believed that they could control Hitler and advice the president to name Hitler chancellor. Hitler called for new elections, and the Nazis and their allies won and he used his power to turn Germany into a totalitarian state. When Hitler took power, he arrested and murdered his enemies; he dissolved independent labor unions, and gave the government authority over business and labor. He put Germans to work, constructed factories, highways, weapons, and serves in the military. The number of unemployment people dropped.

Kimberly Dominguez

Fascism was a militant political movement that emphasized loyalty to the state and obedience to its leader. Fascism has no theory or doctrine to follow it only has several ideas. fascism was set to believe that peaceful nations were made to be doomed and conquered. Fascism Rose to fame in Italy when a Politicain known as Benito Mussolini who aimed to rebuild Italy's economy and armed forces in order to complete his purpose/mission he then founded the Fascist Party in 1919.

In Germany, the movement of fascism was led by Adolf Hitler who created the form of fascism later known as Nazism which was followed by many soldiers who were part of Hitler underground militia. Through time Nazism began spreading as a stronger and better force after the publication of Mein Kampf (My Struggle) and the growth of the Nazi's which by 1932 were the largest political party. In 1933 Paul Hindenburg named Hitler as chancellor, once he was on power he called for elections which he won and gained control of germany's economic and political power.

The effect of Fascism is still being felt at our present day since most of these dictators changed the course of history the world is still recovering from the abuse of power.
- Jose McKinney

During the interwar years 2 new ideologies were invented in one hand we have Facism invented by italian dictator Benito Musollini, it consisted of a new, militant, political movement that emphasized loyalty to the state and obedience to their leade on the other hand we have nazism in Germany, which was the same ideology but with racism. Nazism was created by Adolf Hitler.
By: Eduardo De Los Santos

Fascism is a movement that began in Italy that is characterized by the loyalty of a person to the state and leader. Like communism, fascism only allows a one party rule and denies individual rights. The rise of it came in Italy when Benito Mussolini spread the idea before he founded the Fascist Party in 1919. He began his rise to power as he publicly criticized the government and gained support as the economy worsened. As many groups of Fascists marched on to Rome in October 1922, they demanded King Victor Emmanuel III to put Mussolini into power. To avoid any uprisings or revolts, Mussolini was appointed “Il Duce” meaning the leader in Italy. Mussolini quickly abolished democracy and other political parties after named leader. He also allied the fascists with industrialists and large landowners.

As fascism began to rise in Italy, a similar movement occurred in Germnay during the 1920s called Nazism. Nazism, short for National Socialist German Workers’ Party, believed in overturning the Treaty of Versailles and to stop the spread of communism. The soon to be leader of the Nazi Party, Adolf Hitler, served in WWI as a soldier and joined the Nazi Party in 1919. In 1923, Hitler along with many other members of the Nazi Party, plotted to take over the power in Munich. He was arrested and sentenced to five years in prison but only served fewer than nine months. While in prison, he wrote Mein Kampf. In this book, he theorized that the Germans were a superior race named “Aryans” and declared other races such as Jews and Slaves as inferior. He also stated that the Treaty of Versailles was an outrage and promised to regain the lost German lands. He wrote on his book that by regaining this land, Germans would have more lebensraum or living space by conquering eastern Europe and Russia. After Hitler became chancellor in 1933, he quickly turned Germany into a totalitarian state and created the Schutzstaffel which was a protection squad in Germany.
*__Nicholas De Oleo—*

The basic concept of Fascism, as elaborated by Mussolini, was that the State was absolute before which individuals and groups were all relative. Politically, to the Fascists, parliamentary democracy could only lead to inefficiency and corrupt government; and so the whole parliamentary system must be discarded. Fascist state was a totalitarian state, controlling all the political, economic and social activities of its people. Mussolini always proclaimed, "Everything within the state, nothing against the state, nothing outside the state." The masses should only "believe, obey and fight."

Facsims is the "belief" that the state was absolute and each person should be loyal to its leader. Facism has two great examples. Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. Mussolini rose to power in 1919 by "promising" a rebirth to italys economy and armed forces. Hitler by the other side joined a little right group. He then rose to power after he was name cancellor. 1 year later he bacamed Fuller of germany the supreme ruller. Hitler made the people belief that Non aryan races where inferior to them. and that the treaty of versailles was just a outrageous, Hitler vowed to return germany lands.
By : Ricardo Baio

Fascism is a political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationalism and militarism. It also includes a dictatorial one-party rule; it is supported by middle class, industrialists and a supreme leader. Nazism was the fascism movement that developed in Germany in the 1920s and the 1930s; it included a belief in the racial superiority of the German people and a belief that the treaty of Versailles was just an outrageous; Hitler vowed to return Germany lands. Fascism´s rice in Italy is aid by the bitter disappointment over the failure to win large territorial gains at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference and that people wanted a leader who would take action.
Vicente Gomez

Minerva Espejo
Fascism commonly develops when civilians are not conformed to the way their country is being managed. Once this is known there is always a politician in the wait for this group of people to come out and scream , scream for change, with this they show themselves as the one available to bring that change, that revolution of government. When the revolution starts those politicians get the power of the country, immediately the people are ‘’satisfied’’ with what they have accomplished but, did this politician came to power because he knew it was time to change, or because he waited for the people to struggle themselves enough to then come and seem like the ‘’Good Samaritan’’? Anyhow, fascism was developed by Mussolini; in Italy fascism brought a lot of impact due to the fact that inflation, unemployment and various national problems had the people unhappy. Mussolini started criticizing the government and promoting fascism. As he got popular people reveled to the king their wishes, they wanted Mussolini to be part of the government, Mussolini abolished democracy, prohibited all political parties except fascism, jailed his opponents and forced radio stations to broadcast fascist doctrines only. Fascism brought change to Italy, maybe good, maybe bad but, how was Germany’s change with fascism? Well, the Nazis developed. Nazis were beyond just a political party, political parties try to rule the government, the state, but Nazis were more like a movement, they ruled the people. With Hitler as their head Germany was changed into a totalitarian state. Hitler arrested and killed his enemies, dissolved independent labor unions and gave government authority over business and labor. He got Germans to work by constructing factories, highways, weapons, and serve in the military with this the number of unemployment dropped. However, more than 6 million human beings were killed. Fascinating. :)

Fascism was a new, militant political movement that emphasizes loyalty to the state and obedience to its leader. Fascists believed that each class had its place and function. Fascist parties were made up of aristocrats and industrialists, war veterans, and the lower middle class. Fascism first rose in Italy. When Mussolini rose to power, Hitler started to join the German army. He joined a group called the Nazis, but it was just a German fascism.
The Nazis started to blame the communists for everything that happened to Germany. The Nazis win th elections by slim majority. Then, Hitler started using his power to turn Germany into a Totalitarian state. He also created the SS, an elite uniformed unit only loyal to Hitler. The SS murdered and arrested Hitler’s enemies. Hitler wanted more than economic and political power. Hitler turned the press, radio, television, literature, paintings, etc. into propaganda.
By:Kenny Fung

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