Democratic Reform and Activism

Because of Urbanization an Industrialization, many changes happened in the Western nations. The democratic reform was basically making certain rights and privileges available to all people including even women. Up until now, only the upper classes ran the government which included voting for the House of the Commons which was only about 5% of the population. The wealthy middle class was the first to act upon wanting these certain right which included merchants, factory owners and bankers. In the mid-1800s they began to protest that the right to vote should be extended. Because the parliament leaders feared the protests would become violent and out of control, they passed a bill letting middle class vote as well. This still left only a small amount to vote. When Queen Victoria became queen, she made many changes in the parliament allowing many others to vote. While Victoria was in thrown she cleaned up the city quite well and Great Britain had never seen itself so well in many centuries. By 1890 all men had the right to vote. However, women were left in the same position and soon enough started demanding the right to vote as well. With women protesting, it only made the resistance bigger. Many people including some women thought that politics was traditionally for men anf that women didn't have the ability to take part in politics.
Tiffani Chalas 10A :)))))
Since the 1600s, Britain’s government had been a constitutional monarchy. A king or queen ruled the country, but the elected legislature Parliament held the real power.Still, very few people could vote for members of Parliament. Only men who owned property, which was about six percent of the population, had the right to vote. This changed in the 1800s, with The Reform Bill of 1832. Middle-class people across England protested the fact that they could not vote. Worried by revolutions sweeping Europe, Parliament passed the Reform Bill. This law gave the right to vote to many in the middle class. It also gave seats in Parliament to the new industrial cities, which had not had any representatives before. Over time, Parliament made more changes. By 1884, almost all adult males in Britain could vote. Parliament also made votes take place by secret ballot. Another law gave pay to members of Parliament, which in effect opened that body to people who were not wealthy.

By 1890, a number of countries with industrial economies had given all men the right to vote. None, however, gave women that right. During the 1800s, women in the United States and Britain peacefully campaigned for the vote. Beginning in 1903, a group called the Women’s Social and Political Union began a stronger campaign for women’s suffrage in Britain. They held rallies and parades. They also broke up the speeches of government officials and sometimes set fire to buildings. When the leaders were arrested, they went on hunger strikes to gain publicity for their cause. It was not until after World War I, however, that women won the right to vote in both Great Britain and the United States.

Luis Rafael Acta 10A

The democratic reforms in England started with the wealthy middle class, which included factory owners, bankers, and merchants. The most known democratic reform that started all the proccess was the Reform Bill of 1832, which demanded to extend the right to vote. The British leaders immediately approved this reform because they feared that the same thing that happened to France in the Revolution of 1830 would happen to them too. After the Parliament passing the law, the people got more calmed but the right to vote was still very limited. A group of workers and others groups that had difficulty to vote led a movement called the Chartist movement. The Chartist Movement claimed the right to vot for all men and annual Parliamentary elections. After years of struggle, they finally made it, and by early 1900sm all the demands forthe Chartists, except for annual elections, became law. With the beggining of the reign of Queen Victoria, changes dramatically took place in a positive way. For example, women got to vote as suffrage of men extended. a leader that encourage the movement of women suffrage was Emmeline Pankhurst that formed the Women's Social Political Union.

After the Franco-Prussian War, France went through a lot of ups and downs and they had a very unbalanced political system. The National Assembly agreed on setting up a new government to balance out everything. This new government was called the Third Republic. It was very successful and it lasted over 60 years. However, the Third Republic was threatened by monarchists, aristocrats, clergy, and army leaders. All these leaders wanted France in the way that it was before, with a monarchy or military rule. As a result, a scandal known as Dreyfus affair took place which became a battleground for these opposing forces and on the way, the feeling of anti-Semitism took place, which was the prejudice against Jews.


Saluna Chow 10a

The democratic reform was mainly started by the middle class, who demanded a greater voice and active participation in politics. in 1830, a revolutioned raised in England because they were demanding for the right to vote. Because of this the reform bill of 1832 was created, which would supposedly respond for this demands by giving the middle class the right to vote. But even though this reform was not really effective, it modernized the districts for electing members of parliament and gave the impulse to new industrial cities more representation. So it was kind of effective because now more people could vote even though it was only a small percentage. This was the begining of the democratic reform. After the reform bill of 1832, a new movement began in 1838, which was the chartist movement, were the people that could not vote were claiming for their right to vote. sadly, this demand of the chartis movement was declined by the parliament. But even though they were rejected, this gave an impulse to the people and the people continued to deman for their rights little by little. In 1867, it gave the right to vote to the working class. Then in 1884 to rural men workers. so over the years, the parliament was accepting all the demands that were planted in the chartist movement. so even though the chartist movement was rejected at the time, it gave the impact to the people and like this they started to claim for their rights. So in my opinion, the chartist movement was one of the most influential and effective movements at this time.

But men were not the only ones that rised and were claiming for their right to vote. in the 1800s, women also started to demand their right to vote. British women organized reform societies demanding for their right to vote, and to change this unfair laws. But even though they were fighting for their right, not everybody was backing women, because they said that it was too radical, others said that they lacked the ability to participate in politics, they didn't thought that women were capable of doing something different than working at their house. In my opinion one of the women that most influenced the movement was, emmeline pankhurst, that formed the womens social and political union, who's goal was to draw the attention to the cause of women s right to vote. Here was were really womens started to raise together to fight for their rights. But even though of all this fights, they really didn't gain their right to vote after world war I.

The wealthy middle class, which included factory owners, bankers, and merchants, began protesting in 1830 in England for a democratic reform. In 1832, Parliaments decided to pass the Reform Bill of rights, which said to extend the right to vote. The British government didn´t wanted to experience the same Revolution of France in 1830, so they approved it, but sill the right to vote was limited. The Christ movement was a movement led by workers and other people who had difficulty to vote and its purpose was that all men could vote annually. Then, Queen Victoria became queen and positive changes occurred. Women could now vote as well.

After all the political instability France experienced after the Franco-Prussian War, the National Assembly created a new government, The Third republic, in order to balance everything out and lasted around 60 years. During 1880s and 1990s the Third Republic was threatened by monarchists, aristocrats, clergy, and army leaders and they wanted France as a monarchy or military rule again. As a result of these differences, a controversy known as the Dreyfus affair emerged and the feeling of anti-Semitism took place.

Gabriela Elias :D

Natasha Chami

In the early 1800s, the method of selecting the British government was not a true democracy. Meaning that all men did not have the right to vote and women could not vote at all. Since upper class was the one that ran the government, the wealthy middle class started to protest. Meaning that the Parliament would change by men in the middle class could vote. Even though the Parliament did some changes it still didn’t work out, then the Chartist movement was created in which finally all men were able to vote. Then came the Victorian Age, in which the British Empire reached the height of its wealth and power.

Women movement then started by 1890. During this period women voice was heard more and they were starting to protest for their rights. Even though woman gained more attention between the 1880 and 1914, they did not gain the right to vote in national election in Great Britain and the United States until after World War 1

all the industrialization and urbanization stuff caused changes in western europe. people began asking for democracy and better conditions or treatment as workers or a contitutional monarchy, British parliament cosists of a house of lords and a house of commons. British government selection of early 1800 wasnt such an example of DEMOCRACY. as always, the upper classes had the advantage over the common people: women couldnt vote and from the five percent of the population in the house of commons only those who owned certain amount of land could vote as well. thank to the demand for a greater voice in politics of the wealthy middle class, Parliament passed the Reform Bill of 1832 which extend suffrage. in addition, it gave the thriving new industrial cities more representation. another popular movements was the Chartist movement: it arose from the workers and other groups who, of course, could not vote to press for more rights. after all the process, their protest convinced many people that the workers had valid complaints. through this periods of reform, women also struggle for the right to vote and same rights as those of men. in addition, as a consequence of the Franco-Prussian War, France experience a political instability! for a solution the National Assembly set up the Third Republic, which just last 60 years. During the 1880s and 1890s, there was many conflicts in France: a controversy known as the Dreyfus affair, which involved the anti-Semitism feelings causing scandals, then giving way to Zionism.

MIDDLE CLASS -> reform bill of 1832
DEMOCRACY -> Chartist movement
SOCIAL REFORM -> Victorian Age

in france there was many competition for power and changes in government.

Britain’s system of government was composed of the Monarch and the Parliament. At the same time the parliament was divided in House of lords and House of Commons. The members of the House of Lords inherited power, however the members of the House of Commons were chosen by the people. The problem was that only a very small percentage of the population was actually able to vote, due to restrictions that were put on voting. In order to change this and get more people to be able to vote certain groups began protesting for reform. One of these groups was the Chartist Movement. They demanded the right to vote for all men, secret vote, end of property requirements to serve at the parliament and salary for the members of the parliament ( so people of the lower classes could be chosen to the house of commons). Their demands were not met right away, with time parliament agreed to the reforms. Women were also demanding the right to vote. They protested in order to receive this right. Some of these women, of which may be mentioned Emmeline Pankhurst, sought to obtain the right to vote through militant means.

As well as Britain, France was also settling into democracy. After several unsuccessful governments the members of the National Assembly voted to create a Republic. It would be the third republic and it would last for more than half a century.

Claudia Franjul

-Britain became a constitutional monarchy in 1600s. Under this system of government, the monarch serves as the head of states, but the parliament hold the real power. The parliament was divided between the house of lord and commons. The House of Commons were elected by the people but only the upper classman could vote so they ran the government. The first group who demanded a greater voice in politics was the middle class leading to the creation of the reform bill of 1832. The next group who demanded the right to vote were the workers who in which the parliament responded letting all men to vote. After them came the women who got the right to vote by protest and aggressive means.

-For France there democracy finally took hold. After the Franco-Prussian War, France went through some crisis. They went through government changes yearly because of the political party competing for power. The National Assembly agreed to a new government which was the Republic that lasted for about 60 years. The first ten years it was threatened by monarchists, clergy, and army leaders who wanted a monarchy or military rule. There was a conflicted called the Dreyfus affairs where many where opposed to the jews.

Kendrick Abreu Grullon

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