Democracy and Greece´s Golden Age

This section was about Democracy and Greece's Goden Age. during this age, a wise and stable statesman named Pericles led Athens during much of its golden age. Pericles dominated Athens from 461 to 429 BC and this period is sometimes called the Age of Pericles. He had three goals: to strengthen Athenian democracy, to hold and strengthen the empire, and to glorify Athens.


To strengthen democracy, Pericles increased the number of public officials who were paid salaries. This allowed citizens of all classes (not only the wealthy) to hold public office. He also introduced direct democracy, which was a concept in which citizens ruled directly and without representatives.

Athens took control of the Delian League and with this new power Pericles used the money from the leagues's tresury to make the Athenian navy the strongest in the Mediterranean. A strong navy was important because it helped Athens strengthen the safety of its empire.

Pericles also used money from the Delian League to beautify Athens. He was the mastermind behind the Parthenon, a temple built to honor Athena, the goddess of wisdom and protector of Athens. He also put large sums of money into buying gold, ivory, and marble and to pay the artists and architects who used these materials.

The Parthenon

One of pericles goal was to glorify Athens with magnificant art and sculpturs, but another way they did it was with drama. the greeks built their first theatre were they expressed both civic pride and a tribute to the gods. They used colorful costums and masks to dramatize the stories.The pays often included a chorus that danced, sang, and recited poetry. the drama that they wrote was branched out into two kinds, tragedy and comedy. tragedy consisted of serious themes such as love, hate, war, or betrayal.these dramas also have a protagonist with supernatural powers that dies or has a downfall. comedy contains scenes filled with laugther an happiness.


Theatrcal productions in Athens were both an expression of civic pride and a tribute to the gods. The Greeks wrote two types of drama—tragedy and comedy. Athenian Thucydides (the greates historian of classical age in Greece) believed that certain types of events and political situations recur over time. Studying those events and situations, he felt, would aid in understanding the present.

Greek actors wore colorful costumes, masks and sets to dramatize stories. The plays were about
justice, leadership and the duties owed to the gods.

"The two most well known city-states during this period were the rivals: Athens and Sparta. It was the strengths of these two societies that brought the ancient world to its heights in art, culture and with the defeat of the Persians, warfare. It was the same two Greek states whose thirst for more power and territory, and whose jealousy brought about the Peloponesian wars which lasted 30 years and left both Athens and Sparta mere shadows of their former selves."

Sparta declared war on Athens in 431 B.C. This war was known as the Peloponnesian War. During the Peloponnesian War, a frightful plague swept through the city killing one-third of the population, including Pericles. The two sides signed a treaty only to be broken by the Athenians a few years later in 415 B.C. Either way, Sparta won the war.

After the war, Athenians didn't have much faith on democracy and started questioning their values. During this time, several thinkers called philosophers appeared. Three of these philosophers arose who were Socrates, his student Plato, and Plato's student Aristotle.


Some of Socrates Quotes:

The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.

Be as you wish to seem.

I know that I am intelligent, because I know that I know nothing.

Let him that would move the world first move himself.

Not life, but good life, is to be chiefly valued.

Wisdom begins in wonder.

Pericles was a greek general in Athens during the citys "golden age"this was the time between the persian and peloponisian wars. He made the Delian league into an Athenian empire and comanded the first 2 years of the Peloponisian war. The time period wich he led is sometimes called the "Age of Pericles".

He promoted art and literature, this was one of the main reasons Athens was known for the reputation of beeind the eduacated and cultural ones of Acient Greece. He started the project of the Acropolis and the Parthenon.

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