Cold War: Superpowers Face Off

Analyze the global competition between the United States and the Soviet Union

In February 1945, a little before the war was over, Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt met at the Yalta conference. They agreed to divide Germany among the Allies and to punish Germany with an economic compensation. Stalin accepted to allow free elections in Eastern Europe. In June the United Nations was created. Its purpose was to prevent future conflict among nations.

After the war the Soviets began taking control of the nations on Russia’s western border (Yugoslavia, Poland, Hungary etc.). Here they established communist governments and did not allow free elections, this violated what had been convened at the Yalta conference. Due to this conflict rose between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. Germany was divided in two, one side of the Allies and the other Soviet. In 1946 The United States adopted the containment policy to prevent the spread of Soviet communism. The Truman Doctrine was launched to support the countries that were against communism. The Marshall plan gave economic support to allow the reconstruction of Democratic Western Europe. The allies also supported the unification of Germany and the establishment of a democratic government there but the Soviets wouldn’t allow. Due to all these situations the Cold War began. During this conflict each of the sides (Soviet Union and its allies and the United States and its allies) sought to spread their own political system. They used espionage and threatened each other with military force and weapons such as the atomic bomb. The two powers also competed in the exploration of space.
Claudia Franjul

After the defeat of the Germans by the United States and the Soviet Union, each of the victorious allies marched. Disagreements started to develop when the United States got upset because of the nonagression pact that the Soviet Union and the Germans signed and then the Soviet Union blamed the United States for not invading the German-occupied territory. Just like this, another war began, and it was called the Cold War. In June 1945, 48 countries joined together to sign a pact of peace so the United States and the Soviet Union set their differences apart for a while. Both countries wanted different things, and sometimes, even opposite. This caused a lot of trouble and wars that led to thousands of deaths.

Differences between the United States and the Soviet Union were the following; a) while the United States encouraged democracy, the Soviet Union wanted communism, b) they both competed with each other in the industry by using raw materials, c) the united States wanted Europe to but their U.S. goods and meanwhile the Soviet Union tried as hard as possible to keep the U.S. influence far from their nation. d) the United States believed that if Germany got united, it would be more powerful while the Soviet Union wanted it to remain separate.


Saluna Chow 10A

Steven Alvarez
the opposing economic and political philosophies of the U.S. and the Soviet union led to global competition. those conflict played a major role in reshaping the modern world. a major goal of the soviet union was to shield itself from another invation from the west. As WWII drew to a close, the Soviet Union troops pushed the Nazis back across Eastern Europe. at war's end, these troops occupied a strip of the countries along the soviet Union's own western border. Europe now lay divided between east and west, the soviets controlled the eartern part while western zones became the Federal Republic of Germany. the U.S. tried to contain soviets.the berlin blockade heightened Western Europe's fears of Soviet aggression. as the alliances were forming , the Cold War threatened to heat up enough to destroy the world. - Steven Alvarez

Tiffani Chalas
After World War II, all nations were divided into worlds. The first world were the industrialized capitalist nations which including mainly of the United States and its allies. The second world was made up of communist nations led by the Soviet Union. The third world countries consisted mainly of Latin America, Asia, and Africa, which were newly independent or developing nations. In these countries technology and education were limited to none, and the economical ways and political strategies were both in the ruins due to centuries of colonialism. These countries needed more that only a Soviet communism or a U.S democracy could give. The struggle for the control of these countries began. The United States began by giving military aid, building schools, and other programs against poverty. The Soviet Union helped by giving military and technical help in countries like Egypt and India. In Latin America, help from both powers were being received. They often switched from democracy and then to harsh military rule and sometimes back. The communist countries found support from the Soviet Union and the United States offered economical and military assistance to anti-Communism nations. After Cuba became ruled by Castro, all American ties were dropped and Cuba turned to the Soviet Union for military and economical aid.
After years of keeping itself independent, Afghanistan began to be influenced more and more by the Soviet Union. Soon the Soviet Union invaded and didn't realize it wasn't going to be such an easy way out. Because of this the Soviet Union began to fall apart. - Tiffani Chalas

The two superpowers had sharp political and economic differences. They also had different goals after the war. The United States wanted to encourage Democracy and trade. It wanted to put the different zones of Germany back together to make one nation. The Soviet Union had these goals: to promote communism, to take advantage of raw materials in Eastern Europe and rebuild its own economy, and to keep Germany divided and weak.

When Stalin refused to allow free elections in Eastern Europe, U.S. President Truman was angry. . Truman then began a policy of containment blocking the Soviets from further expansion. As part of this policy, the United States adopted the Marshall Plan in 1947. The plan donated food and materials such as machines to European countries, helping them rebuild from the war.

Luis Rafael Acta 10A

Victorious allies marched right after the defeat of the Germans by the Soviet Union and the United States. The Soviet Union and the Germans signed a nonaggression pact. After time, the United States weren’t comfortable with it and disagreements began to appear. Another war started because the United States didn’t invade the German-occupied territory and the Soviet Union didn’t liked the idea much. It was called the Cold War. The United States and the Soviet Union had a lot of differences and wanted different things; this caused trouble since they couldn’t make different things on the same thing. Their differences led to many other wars.

Some of their differences were: they wanted different governments, the United States wanted democracy, the Soviet Union wanted communism; they both used raw materials, as a result they competed over that too; the United States wanted to cause stress to the Soviet Union by wanting Germany to unite; etc. As a result, 48 countries signed a pact of peace on June 1945 in order to set their differences apart.

Gabriela Elias :D

During the World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union had joined forces to fight Germany. But before the World War II had ended they were having some difficulties because of the fact that the allies hadn’t attacked Germany when they were invading Europe. They agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation controlled by the Allied military forces. Then they created the United Nations in which they set aside their differences. There, each UN member nation could cast its vote on a broad range of issues. However, after the war ended the Soviet Union and the United States split sharply.

After the World War II ended, major conflicts began with the United States and the Soviet Union. In which this war was then called the Cold War. The Cold War mainly began because of political reasons of Capitalist and Communist.

Natasha Chami

The soviet leader of the time joseph stalin, had signed in the nonaggression pact with germany. This caused disagreements between the united states and russia. After this, stalin also blamed the allies for not invading german occupied europe in 1944. But despite this actions that the leader took, at this time the conflict didnt grew so much because then in 1945, they joined 48 countries with them to create what they called the united nations. The main goal of this prganization was to protect the members from agression and promote peace. But the problem between this two countries was that they were very different, plus, they thought differently they had difeferent perspective and this started to split them apart.

One of the main differences of the united states and russia was that the russians were promoting democracy as the main form of government while the united states were promoting democracy as their form of government. The united states had many loses from war, but russia was even worse. They had not only lost people, but many cities were destroyed so their main goal now was to rebuild its war loses in economy by using eastern europes industrial equipment and raw materials. All this disagreements and different ways of thinking were the ones who turn the relationship this two contries had and led them to war.

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