British Imperialism in India

Since 1757, when R. Clive and the East India Company defeated the Indian Forces at the Battle of Plassley until 1858, the East India Company was the main power in India, regulated by the British. In time, not only did they control india, but also areas including present-day Bangladesh and most of southern India. The EIC, however, ruled India without much interference from the British government until the 19th century. The British treasured India for many reasons. First, India was a sustancial suplier of raw materials for Britain, which had thrived under the Industrial Revolution. Also, its large population of over 300 million people was expected to become a large markets for these goods. In fact, India was considered the most important of all British colonies. In order to control the Indian economy of thriving on its own, Britian set up a number of regulations which included the prohibition of any competition with British goods. India gained even more value to the British after they established a railroad network there, which carried goods back and forth.

British colonialism had both positive and negative impacts on India. Among the positive effects, India now had the third largest network system, which helped them develop a modern economy and connect all of their regions. Not only this railroads were built, but also telephone lines, damns and irrigation canals now modernized India. Literacy increased due to the foundation of many colleges and schools. However, not all effects were negative. The powerful British restricted Indian economy by controlling their cotton texxtiles and their cash-crop methods reduced food production, which led to the loss of self-sufficiency for farmers and many famines. British also felt threatned by the racist attitudes of British officials and missionaries. The Indian people's problems led them to revolt due to their resentment and strong nationalist feelings. An example of these revolts was the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, in which many sepoys rebelled in a march to Delhi.


By: Michelle Pelletier

The British seized Indian Territory and governed almost the whole subcontinent. The British expanded control over India because in the beginning of the 19the century, companies ruled India with little interference in the British government. The industrial revolution turned Britain into the world’s workshop, and India was it major supplier of raw material. The British set up restrictions that prevented the Indian economy from trials for British manufacturing and to buy British goods. India both benefited from and was harmed by British colonialism. In the negative side, British held most of the political and economic power. And in the positive side the laying of the world’s third largest railroad network was major British achievement.At the end India demanded more modernization. It suffered Nationalism that divided nationalists groups in Indian National Congress and the Muslim League.


By 1707 the Mughal Empire in India was collapsing. Since the East India Company was the leading power the area grew over time. Until the 19th century the company ruled with little interference from the British government. Since India was a major supplier of raw materials and its 300 million people were a large market, India became the most valuable of Britain’s colonies during the Industrial Revolution. It became valuable when the British established a railroad network there that transported raw products from the interior to the ports and manufactured goods back again. Britain’s colonialism in India benefited and affected it. The British held much of the political and economic power of India, but the railroads enabled India to develop a modern economy and brought unity to the connected regions.

Indians resented the racism that the British exposed and they believed they were trying to convert them into Christianity. After a gossip spread Indian soldiers rebelled against the British troops called the Sepoy Mutiny. Hindus and Muslims couldn’t unite to fight Britian due to weak leadership. As a result of this mutiny the British government took direct control of India. Also the mutiny increased the distrust between the British and the Indians. Conflict over control continued over the year.


In the beggining of the 18th century the Empire during that time was collapsing , which was the Mughal Empire. The India Company took over. Indias was one of the biggest suppliers of raw materials and all thier 300 million people was quite a big market, India became the jowel to the crown for Britain during the Industrial Revolution. Britain took absolute poewr econmomically and politacaly of India during this time. The muslims and Hindus Try tu unite to gihht the British but it didnt work because they didnt have leadership.

Haresh Khemlani (:

As we know that India is the second most populated nation in the world during that time, it adopted some modern political institutions from Britain. The interest of the British on the Indians began when the East Indian Company set ups trading ports at Bombay, Calcutta and Madres, in what I have read, that company was the leading power in India.

Later on when the British established a railroad network there, it help out to transport raw products from the interiors to the port and manufactured goods back again and then sent it out to sell it in the global market. Most of these products were taken out from plantations crops like: tea, coffee, cotton, and jute.


By: Liango Liu

The British began to gain interest in India since the 1600s through the British East India Company, but were unsuccessful in colonizing India until the year 1757, in which the East India Company won over Indian forces after the Mughal Dynasty collapsed. Since then, the East india Company was the dominating power in India. British control over India later expanded to dominate the southern part of the country and also near the Ganges River. At first, England controlled India with little manipulation or interference, until the early 19th Century. England greatly valued the Indian colonies for its potential, and eventually the British called India the most important colony to them. This was probably because India was an important and major supplier of raw goods to England or the "world's workshop", and also a profitable market for the British.

British colonialism on India had both positive and negative effects. Positive effects included the establishment of the world's largest railroad network that allowed India to develop a modern economy and unified the different regions, and the creation of roads, telephones and telgraphs, bridges, dams, and irrigation systems also helped India to modernize. Other positive effects included sanitation and education improvements, and local warfare ceased. Negative effects included British's control over India's politics and economy, which decreased self-sufficiency in India nad threatened India's traditional way of life. Eventually, the Indians started to demand more independence and modernization, and nationalism also surged in India.


Nationalism was prominent in almost every country. The people wanted change from their ancient ways, or from being controlled by foreigners. In India, a series of events led them to push for their independence from the British. Nationalism began gaining interest during World War 1. Many Indians enlisted in the army and greatly helped the allies, in return for their efforts, the British promised them change, but after the war all was the same. The Amritsar massacre that took place in the spring of 1919, in Amritsar, was the second event that caused the Indians to push for their independence. About 10,000 Indians protested the British and their enforced laws on the Indians. Unbeknownst to the Indians, public demonstrations were not permitted. The British viewed this as a national outburst to troops began firing at the crowd. Reports say that nearly 400 Indians died and 1,200 were wounded. This sparked national outrage across India and millions of Indians changed from loyal British subjects into nationalists. A leader emerged in Mohandas K. Ghandi. He believed in a religious, peaceful approach to political activity. Ghandi led boycotts of British cloth and salt. These peaceful protests eventually took an economic toll on the British. In 1935, the British granted limited self-rule to the Indians, nut not total independence. In Turkey, Mustafa Kemal transformed Turkey into a modern nation. He established that women have right to vote, and separated laws of Islam from the laws of the nation. He abolished religious courts and created a new legal system based on European law. He also launched government-funded programs to industrialize Turkey and stimulate economic growth.

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